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On May 3rd, 1947, Japan promulgated its new constitution heralding a new era of peace and democracy.  The highlight of the document, co-authored by MacArthur’s GHQ, was Article Nine, the peace clause that unequivocally renounces war and the means of war.

None of the usual Japanese ambiguity here:

“…land, sea and air forces,

as well as other war potential,

will never be maintained.”

SO, WHAT THE HELL IS THIS?

ARTICLE 9

Aspiring sincerely to an international peace

based on just and order,

the Japanese people forever renounce war

as a sovereign right of the nation

and the threat of use of force

as means of settling international disputes.

(2) In order to accomplish the aim of the previous paragraph,

land, sea and air forces,

as well as other war potential,

will never be maintained.

The right of belligerency of the state

will not be recognized.

Original Japanese:

第九条

日本国民は、正義と秩序を基調とする国際平和を誠実に希求し、国権の発動たる戦争と、武力による威嚇又は武力の行使は、国際紛争を解決する手段としては、永久にこれを放棄する。二 前項の目的を達するため、陸海空軍その他の戦力は、これを保持しない。国の交戦権は、これを認めない。

GlobalFirepower

World Military Ranking  –  JAPAN No. 7

PERSONNEL
Active Military Personnel: 239,000 [2008]
Active Military Reserve: 57,899 [2008]
Active Paramilitary Units: 12,250 [2008]

ARMY
Land-Based Weapons: 2,040
Artillery: 5,760 [2001]

NAVY
Total War  Ships: 147
Destroyers: 15 [2008]
Submarines: 18 [2008]
Frigates: 41 [2008]

AIR FORCE
Total Aircraft: 1,957 [2003]
Helicopters: 745 [2003]

FINANCES (USD)
Defense Budget: $44,300,000,000 [2005]

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